Use of MT in EFL Classes of Secondary Schools in Jabodebek: Students and Teachers’ Perception


Parlindungan Pardede

Hanny Soelistyo

Fredyance E.B. (1012150029)

Erfina Theodalinda B. (1012150006)

Kristasia Rombe (1012150001)


This study aims to investigate the perception of the senior high school students and teachers around Jabodebek (Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, and Bekasi) of the utilization of Indonesian in their English classes. To achieve the objective, two sets of questionnaires were administered to obtain the data concerning the students and teachers’ perceptions of the role of Indonesian in language skills development, language components learning, classroom interactions, the preferred amount of the mother tongue during the class hour, the relationship between students’ English mastery level and their expectation of the amount of Indonesian use, and  between teachers’ teaching time length and their preference in the use of Indonesian.

The findings obtained from 556 students and 15 teachers revealed that the majority of them preferred if Indonesian is utilized in their English classes. Most of them also believed that Indonesian is helpful in language skills development, language components learning, learning materials understanding and classroom interactions. Findings also indicated that the students’ preferred the predominantly use of Indonesian, while the teachers preferred the predominantly use of Indonesian during the class hour. In addition, it was found that higher their grade, the higher amount of English the students would like to have in their English classrooms. The data concerning the relationship between years of teaching experience and their preferred amount of Indonesian use indicated that teachers with longer teaching experience tended to expect the use of bigger proportion of Indonesian in English classrooms.

This study was aimed only to offer the first step into a wide variety of research in the area of first language use in English classroom. Further research investigating the students’ attitudes towards first language use in English classrooms in regard to first language background, age, and English language proficiency would is recommended. In addition, the current study also showed that there is a connection between the English mastery level, teaching experiences and amount of Indonesian use. However, these conclusions were drawn based on descriptive analysis technique. Thus, researches administering statistical analysis to investigate these areas are also recommended.

Keywords: perception, mother tongue, Indonesian, senior high school, students.

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