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Scientific Articles Structure

This slide presents the nature and structure of scientific articles. It focuses on the discussion on the AIMReDCar (Abstract, Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussion, and References) sections.

Feel free to access and download the slide from here

The complete paper on which this slide was made could be downloaded from here

Exercise 2

After studying complete paper and the slide, please read Sri Darma Siahaan’s (2012) Using Story Reading Technique to Improve EFL Young Learners’ Vocabulary (to get the full paper, click the Full Text: PDF) and identify whether the article includes each of the elements of every section covered in the AIMReDCar structure.  If the article does not include the element, mark (Excluded). If it contains it mark with (Included) and state it briefly and tell on what page it is written. Write using the following template. Abstract Section is done as a sample. Proceed to do the same to Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, and References sections.

Good luck!

 Abstract Section

  1. Objective: (Included)– to improve young leaners’English vocabulary (p. 207)
  2. Subjects (Material): (Included)–to improve young learners’ English vocabulary (p. 207)
  3. Methodology: (Included)–mixed method (collecting and analyzing quantitative and qualitative data) (p. 207)
  4. Results: (Included)–story reading techniques improved the participants’ vocabulary mastery and the use of stories significantly increased the students’ vocabulary mastery.(p. 207)
  5. Conclusion: (Included)–the use of story reading technique was effective to improve kindergarten students’ vocabulary mastery. (p. 207)
  6. Keywords: (Included)–story reading, vocabulary, young learner, kindergarten.. (p. 207)

Introduction Section

  1. Problem & its background:
  2. Specific problem to be studied;
  3. Reasons of importance to study:
  4. Hypothesis:
  5. Objectives:
  6. Summary of previous relevant studies definitions of operational terms:

Methodology Section

  1. Subjects (humans, animals, plants) and their pre-experiment handling and care
  2. Sample preparation techniques;
  3. Origins of samples and materials;
  4. Description of the field site, including physical and biological features, and exact location Procedures for collecting data;
  5. Statistical analysis techniques
  6. Information on computer programs used
  7. Descriptions of equipment set-up and function.

Results Section

  1. General statements presenting the key results (data)
  2. charts and tables that present the data.
  3. statistical analyses

 Discussion Section

Restatement and interpretation of the findings reported in the Results section

Conclusion Section

  1. a succinct summary of implications of the findings;
  2. general implications of the study;
  3. suggestions for further research.

References Section

  1. How many sources are listed?
  2. Does it include cited sources only?

Deadline for posting answer: Saturday, March 22, 2014, 12:00 pm.