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Research Process

This slide covers the six steps in the process of research as described in Creswell’s (2012) Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. The slide has two main sections: quantitative research process and qualitative research process. Feel free to access and download the slide from here.

Exercise 2

After studying the slide and the text it is based on in Creswell’s (2012) textbook, do the following.

Choose one of the following topics and develop it to be a quantitative research topic in the teaching/learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL) by describing the process of carrying out a quantitative research on the topic. Do it by briefly but clearly writing the relevant idea to each point in the outline below. Post your answer in the reply section below this post.

1. Scientific Writing

2. Blended Learning

3. Public Speaking

4. Poems

5. Contextual Language Learning

Outline to use

A. Identifying Topic:

1. Problem

2. Purpose

3. Res. Question

B. Literature Review (See notes below)

C. Specifying Research Purpose & Questions

1. Purpose Statement

2. Research Question

3. Hypothesis (Ho & Ha)

D. Collecting Data

1. Population & Sample

2. Types of Data to Collect

3. Instrument (s)

E. Analyzing Data

• (Statistical formula/program to use)


For point B (Literature Review) write down four or more references that are really relevant to the research purpose you have formulated. For instance, if the research topic is the effect of including short stories in the teaching materials to students’ vocabulary development, you probably use the following references:

B. Literature Review

Adhikari, B.(2006). Teaching Short Stories. Journal of NELTA, 11, 1-2, Pp. 108-110.

Bromley,K.(2007).Nine things every teacher should know about words and vocabulary instruction. Journal of Adolescent &  Adult Literacy,50(7)

Erkaya, O. R. (2005). Benefits of Using Short Stories in the EFL Context. Asian EFL Journal. Retrieved August 29, 2007, from: http://www.asian-efl-jornal.com/pta_nov_ore.pdf

Nation, I.S.P. (2006). How large a vocabulary is needed for reading and listening? Canadian Modern Language Review, 63, 1, p.p. 59-82.

Pardede, P. (2011). Using short stories to teach language skills. Journal of English Teaching, 1, 1, Pp. 15-27.

Schmitt, N. (2000). Vocabulary in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Deadline for posting answer: Friday, June 6, 2014, 12:00 pm

Good luck!